1 (cleft palate, cleft lip, anal atresia, and hypospadias).
2 anomalies, especially cryptorchidism and/or hypospadias.
3 re older (p = 0.048) compared with boys with hypospadias.
4 , all of which have been implicated in human hypospadias.
5 ght into possible genetic mechanisms causing hypospadias.
6 such as cryptorchidism, urethral defects and hypospadias.
7 e-scale analysis of phytoestrogen intake and hypospadias.
8 sures to estrogenic compounds impact risk of hypospadias.
9 lies cryptorchidism (undescended testis) and hypospadias.
10 cellent outcomes for distal but not proximal hypospadias.
11 yndrome disorders, namely cryptorchidism and hypospadias.
12 tween chlordane levels and cryptorchidism or hypospadias.
13 ion during the external genital phase causes hypospadias.
14 ween placental weight and cryptorchidism and hypospadias.
15 tract, including digit loss, syndactyly, and hypospadias.
16 wth factor receptor 2 (Fgfr2) exhibit severe hypospadias.
17 be the best approach for midshaft and distal hypospadias.
18 m a completely female appearance to isolated hypospadias.
19 hat included vaginal and uterine defects and hypospadias.
20 (1.9%), breast mass (1.2%), club foot (1%), hypospadias (0.6%), hydrocephalus (0.6%), cleft lip or p
21 eo-oesophageal anomalies (2.25 [0.96-5.26]), hypospadias (1.96 [0.98-3.92]), and gastroschisis (3.19
22 ), injuries or wounds (54.7% and 98.9%), and hypospadias (50% and 100%).
23 s associated with loss of Hoxa13 function is hypospadia, a condition defined by the poor growth and c
24 o compare AGD in boys with cryptorchidism or hypospadias against normative data.
25 The odds ratio for hypospadias (among all mothers) was 0.8 (95% CI: 0.7, 1.
26 ng follow-up, 1,713 boys were diagnosed with hypospadias and 6,878 with cryptorchidism (3,624 underwe
27 s loss of ectodermal Fgfr2 results in severe hypospadias and absence of the ventral prepuce.
28 ow window of prenatal development results in hypospadias and chordee, whereas earlier disruptions cau
29 g window did blocking androgen action induce hypospadias and cryptorchidism and altered penile length
30 al testis, causing TDS-consistent effects of hypospadias and cryptorchidism.
31 sduce develop with variably penetrant severe hypospadias and incomplete midline fusion of the primiti
32 types: endodermal Fgfr2 deletion causes mild hypospadias and inhibits maturation of a complex urethra
33 dation, microcephaly, digital abnormalities, hypospadias and loose connective tissue) and resemble on
34 s in select reproductive organs (e.g. penile hypospadias and prostate dysgenesis but normal testis),
35 Ventral penile curvature occurs in both hypospadias and so-called 'chordee without hypospadias',
36 developmental link between Hoxa13-associated hypospadias and those produced by antagonists to androge
37 h hypospadias and so-called 'chordee without hypospadias', and so its correction is a topic of releva
38 Incomplete urethral tubularization (hypospadias) and anorectal abnormalities are two common
39 crypt-orchidism, 1.2 (95% CI: 0.6, 2.4) for hypospadias, and 1.9 (95% CI: 0.9, 4.0) for polythelia.
40 217 sons with cryptorchidism, 197 sons with hypospadias, and 557 sons with neither condition.
41 7,20-lyase deficiency, including micropenis, hypospadias, and gynecomastia, who is homozygous for CYP
42 irth, the 46,XY proband had a bifid scrotum, hypospadias, and micropenis consistent with clinical sta
43 ispose to the development of cryptorchidism, hypospadias, and WTs.
44 he male genital anomalies cryptorchidism and hypospadias are prematurity and low birth weight.
45 ale urogenital anomalies--cryptorchidism and hypospadias--are poorly understood.
46 sm were longer than mean values in boys with hypospadias (both p < 0.01) and shorter than mean values
47 al defect characterized by hypertelorism and hypospadias, but additional midline malformations are al
48 developmental factors in the development of hypospadias, but there is doubt whether the incidence of
49 e analysis included data on mothers of 1,250 hypospadias cases and 3,118 controls who delivered their
50 association study on 1,006 surgery-confirmed hypospadias cases and 5,486 controls from Denmark.
51 thers of 593 gastroschisis cases, 1,142 male hypospadias cases, and 4,399 nonmalformed controls.
52 Reports of CPAs, which include hypospadias, chordee, micropenis, and ambiguous genitali
53 ed with many common birth defects, including hypospadias, cleft lip with or without cleft palate, or
54 twins and by patterns of cryptorchidism and hypospadias co-occurrence in individuals.
55 reproductive tract abnormalities (including hypospadias, cryptorchidism, hypospermatogenesis, and te
56 en external urogenital and anorectal tracts; hypospadias - ectopic ventral positioning of the urethra
57 of a small utricle (not in the patient with hypospadias), ejaculatory duct reflux, internal urachal
58 rgical techniques for treating patients with hypospadias, exstrophy, incontinence, and ambiguous or v
59 Boys with hypospadias had shorter mean AGD and penile length SDS t
60 iation between placental weight at birth and hypospadias has been indicated.
61 52, 95% confidence interval: 1.31, 1.76) and hypospadias (hazard ratio = 1.97, 95% confidence interva
62 deletion of Fgfr2 results in the most severe hypospadias highlights a major role for Fgfr2 in the dev
63 mass, obstetric fistula, undescended testes, hypospadias, hydrocephalus, cleft lip or palate, and clu
64 ses, obstetric fistulas, undescended testes, hypospadias, hydrocephalus, cleft lip/palate, and clubfo
65 We examined whether risk of hypospadias (i.e., a congenital malformation in which th
66 beta-catenin knockout animals develop severe hypospadias in both sexes raises the possibility that th
67 ental and molecular mechanisms that underlie hypospadias in Fkbp52-deficient mice.
68 Fgfr2 or its ligand Fgf10 results in severe hypospadias in mice, in which the entire urethral plate
69 nor abnormalities at or shortly after birth (hypospadias in one baby and rotation of small intestine
70 nile length SDS decreased as the severity of hypospadias increased (ptrend = 0.078).
71 patient presented with developmental delay, hypospadias, inguinal hernia and dysmorphic features whi
72 cele [adult and paediatric]), hydrocephalus, hypospadias, injuries or wounds, neck mass, undescended
73 Hypospadias is a common birth defect in humans, yet its
74 Hypospadias is a common congenital condition in boys in
75 Hypospadias is a congenital defect of the external genit
76 Hypospadias is a urethral tube defect defined by misloca
77 but there is doubt whether the incidence of hypospadias is increasing or not.
78 of FK506-binding protein-52 (Fkbp52) develop hypospadias, most likely due to actions of Fkbp52 as a m
79 d adjusted odds of cryptorchidism (n = 219), hypospadias (n = 199), and polythelia (extra nipples) (n
80 chidism (n = 71, age 13.4 +/- 5.8 months) or hypospadias (n = 81, age 11.4 +/- 6.2 months) were recru
81 In Hoxa13(GFP)-mutant mice, hypospadias occur as a result of the combined loss of Fg
82 Other abnormalities included hypospadias, opacification of a small utricle (not in th
83 and penile length were reduced in boys with hypospadias or cryptorchidism relative to normative data
84 rders of fetal masculinization, resulting in hypospadias or cryptorchidism, are common, but their cau
85 ychlordane level in either cryptorchidism or hypospadias (p-trend all > 0.45).
86 Severe hypospadias, particularly that associated with significa
87 expression in the urethra, and an associated hypospadias phenotype, suggesting that these genes are d
88 The use of engineered tissue substitutes in hypospadias reconstruction has also been applied clinica
89 as challenged more traditional approaches to hypospadias repair and is now considered by many pediatr
90 Many technical aspects of hypospadias repair and variations of perioperative manag
91 of penile degloving procedures, phimosis or hypospadias repair, and penile cancer resection.
92 After more than 100 years of innovation in hypospadias repair, new concepts regarding penile curvat
93 otentially be preserved in both phimosis and hypospadias repair.
94 quartile-specific ORs for cryptorchidism or hypospadias show no notable associations with trans-nona
95 Hypospadias surgery has been in continuous evolution for
96 Continuing innovation in hypospadias surgery offers additional options for straig
97 Further development of hypospadias surgery would benefit from objective, standa
98 le to simplify decision-making algorithms in hypospadias surgery, while achieving good functional and
99 The relationship seemed stronger for hypospadias than for cryptorchidism.
100 exhibit genital anomalies, which range from hypospadias to complete male-to-female sex reversal.
101 cial support with risks of gastroschisis and hypospadias, using data from the National Birth Defects
102 in the bladder wall; affected males may have hypospadias (ventrally misplaced urethral opening) of va
103 ongenital heart defects, inguinal hernia, or hypospadias were also reported.
104 Cryptorchidism and hypospadias were associated with low weight-for-gestatio
105 AGD in human infants with cryptorchidism and hypospadias, which are potential manifestations of TDS d
106 surgical techniques have been developed for hypospadias, with excellent outcomes for distal but not
WebLSDに未収録の専門用語（用法）は "新規対訳" から投稿できます。